[Estimation of cell proliferation in hepatocellular carcinoma and in background liver cirrhosis, by using MIB-1 LI]

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Year 1998

Miyakawa K.

Department of 2nd. Int. Med., Kanagawa Cancer Center.

The 23 hepatectomized patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were studied. Samples were biopsied from both cancerous portion and from non-cancerous cirrhotic portion at operation. MIB-1 LIs were measured in these biopsied samples. Then the relationships between MIB-1 LIs and pathologic feature, clinical data, and prognosis were investigated. LIs of the cancerous portion (10.2 +/- 6.8%, Mean +/- SE) were significantly (p < 0.001) greater than those of non-cancerous cirrhotic portion (3.8 +/- 2.1%). LIs of the cancerous portion in the patients who were dead with in 18 months after their hepatectomies, were significantly (p < 0.05) greater than those in the patients who survived more than 18 months after operations. LIs of the cancerous portion in the patients whose samples revealed Edmondson & Steiners classification grade III, were significantly (p < 0.05) greater than those in the patients whose samples revealed grade II. LIs of the cancerous portion in the patients whose serum AFP levels showed high level (> or = 100 ng/ml) were significantly (p < 0.005) greater than those in the patients whose serum AFP levels showed low level (< 100 ng/ml). And LIs of the non-cancerous portion in the patients whose thymol turbidity test (TTT) showed high level (> 5K-U), were significantly (p < 0.005) greater than those in the patients whose TTT levels showed within normal range. LIs of the non-cancerous potion in the patients whose zinc sulphate turbidity test (ZTT) showed high level (> 12K-U), were significantly (p < 0.01) greater than those in the patients whose ZTT levels showed within normal range. LIs of the non-cancerous portion in the patients whose PT levels were prolonged (14 sec <), were significantly (p < 0.05) greater than those in the patients whose PT levels were within range. MIB-1 LIs were proved to be a good marker for estimation of biological behaviour of HCC tumors.