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Yokoyama K. Ishibashi T. Yi-qiang L. Nagayoshi A. Teramoto T. Maruyama Y.
First Department of Internal Medicine, Fukushima Medical College, Hikarigaoka, Japan.
The purpose of the present study was to examine the regulation of levels of apolipoprotein B (apoB) mRNA and its protein by cytokines in HepG2 cells. A dose-dependent increase in apoB mRNA levels was observed in the presence of either interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) or IL-6 alone. This increase occurred as early as 1 h after IL-1beta or IL-6 stimulation. Exogenous addition of IL-1beta (5 ng/ml) and IL-6 (50 ng/ml) induced 2.8- and 2.1-fold increases as a result of 18 h of culture, respectively. Co-stimulation with IL-1beta and IL-6 significantly enhanced the increase in apoB mRNA levels stimulated with either cytokine alone. Treatment with cycloheximide prevented the induction of apoB mRNA by IL-1beta, but not by IL-6. These findings suggest that enhancement of apoB mRNA levels by these cytokines is mediated through different pathways. Conversely, IL-1beta and IL-6 lowered the accumulation of apoB protein levels in the culture medium. The pulse-chase study showed that addition of N-acetyl leucyl leucyl norleucinal to the medium induced a decrease in newly synthesized apoB in the cell lysate in response to IL-1beta (P < 0.05) or IL-6 (not to a significant extent) compared with control. These findings demonstrated that the lower level of apoB in the medium was caused by the enhanced intracellular degradation. In addition, IL-1beta increased LDL receptor mRNA levels as well as protein activity, although IL-6 did not, suggesting that the more marked decrease in apoB accumulation in the medium induced by IL-1beta compared with that induced by IL-6 may reflect an increased uptake of apoB from the medium by IL-1beta. The present study demonstrates that a cytokine network may be involved in the metabolism of apoB under certain conditions such as inflammation.